52 rolls

Machines have a presence reminding us of our fears. Machines too can bring pleasure, or pain. Machines can make work and life easier. Machines can be tiny, or overwhelm with their physicality. Machines can be simple or complex. Machines can be sterile and clean. Machines can be dirty or gritty. Machines have brought ages of revolutions: industrial and information. Machines are changing our world. Machines have made our world faster and smaller. Machines sometimes describe organisations striving to achieve social, cultural or political ends. Machines can seem ruthlessly efficient. Machines are by design. Machines can be alienating. Machines can appear on our mental horizons to trouble the mind, or awaken spirits. Machines require energy. Some machines appear to have ghosts. Would we be lost without machines?


The ancient Romans described the deus ex machina, as the “god from the machine”. It was a device, both figurative and literal to…

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Just horsing around – Olympus 35 IV & 35S

52 rolls

During the late 1940’s and into the 50’s, Olympus released a series of 35mm cameras which were manufactured alongside the Olympus Six. The first in the series, the Olympus 35 I with its unusual catspaw, was also the first 35mm consumer camera sold in Japan. There were a number of subsequent versions of this camera as it was redesigned and modernised.

Featured below are my Olympus 35 IV and Olympus 35S. The 35 Model IV has a Zuiko C. 4cm f/3.5 lens set in a Copal shutter capable of speeds from 1 sec to 1/200th of a second. Later iterations of this version had speeds up to 1/300th or 1/500th. The Model IV is not a rangefinder. It is focused, after guesstimating or determining distance, by rotating the barrel at the front of the lens which has settings from just under 3ft to infinity.

The Olympus 35S is a coupled…

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Testing times

52 rolls

During the last week I read about two solution compensatory development for negatives using HC-110, and determined to use this method on a roll of Kodak TMax 400 taken with my Olympus OM-1 whilst I was in hospital.


Two solution compensatory development is intended to reduce high contrast and soften the look of harsh negatives. I visualise hospitals as high contrast environments due to lighting, an over emphasis on pale colour, and use of reflective surface materials.


Not having HC-110 at hand, I determined that I would use Adonal to achieve the desired effect, and mixed two solutions. The first solution was 1:25 and the second 1:500.


The film was first pre-soaked for a minute, then the first solution (1:25) was added to the tank and agitated by slow inversions for 45 seconds. It was left to stand for another 45 seconds after tapping the edge of the tank, and…

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